Principal Features

Excellent Oxidation Resistance

HAYNES® 214® alloy (UNS N07214) is a nickel – chromium-aluminum-iron alloy, developed to provide the optimum in high-temperature oxidation resistance for a wrought austenitic material, while at the same time allowing for conventional forming and joining. Intended principally for use at temperatures of 1750°F (955°C) and above, 214® alloy exhibits resistance to oxidation that far exceeds virtually all conventional heat-resistant wrought alloys at these temperatures. This is attributable to the formation of a tightly adherent Al2O3-type protective oxide scale, which forms in preference to chromium oxide scales at these high temperatures. At temperatures below 1750°F (955°C), 214® alloy develops an oxide scale which is a mixture of chromium and aluminum oxides. This mixed scale is somewhat less protective, but still affords 214® alloy oxidation resistance equal to the best nickel-base alloys. The higher temperature Al2O3 – type scale which 214® alloy forms also provides the alloy with excellent resistance to carburization, nitriding and corrosion in chlorine-bearing oxidizing environments.

Fabrication

HAYNES® 214® alloy, like many high aluminum content nickel-base alloys that are intended to be age-hardened by intermediate temperature heat treatment, will exhibit age-hardening as a result of the formation of a second phase, gamma prime (Ni3Al), if exposed at temperatures in the range of 1100 – 1700°F (595 – 925°C).  As a consequence of this, 214® alloy is susceptible to strain-age cracking when highly stressed, highly-restrained, welded components are slowly heated through the intermediate temperature regime. The keys to avoiding this problem are to minimize weldment restraint through appropriate component design, and/or heat rapidly through the 1100 – 1700°F (595 – 925°C) temperature range during post-fabrication heat treatment (or first-use heat-up).

With the exception of the above consideration, HAYNES® 214® alloy does exhibit good forming and welding characteristics. It may be forged or otherwise hot-worked, providing it is held at 2100°F (1150°C) for a time sufficient to bring the entire piece to temperature. Its room temperature tensile ductility is also high enough to allow the alloy to be formed by cold working. All cold or hot-worked parts should be annealed and rapidly cooled in order to restore the best balance of properties.

The alloy can be welded by a variety of techniques, including gas tungsten arc (TIG), gas metal arc (MIG) or shielded metal arc (coated electrode) welding.

Heat-Treatment

HAYNES® 214® alloy is furnished in the solution heat-treated condition, unless otherwise specified. The alloy is normally solution heat-treated at 2000°F (1095°C) and rapidly cooled or quenched for optimum properties. Heat treating at temperatures below the solution heat-treating temperature will result in grain boundary carbide precipitation and, below 1750°F (955°C), precipitation of gamma prime phase. Such lower temperature age-hardening heat treatments are not suggested.

Applications

HAYNES® 214® alloy combines properties which make it very suitable for service in relatively low-stress, high temperature oxidizing environments, where the utmost in resistance to oxidation or scale exfoliation is needed. Its resistance to such environments persists to temperatures as high as 2400°F (1315°C), although strength limitations may apply. Applications can include “Clean Firing” uses such as mesh belts, trays and fixtures for firing of pottery and fine china, and the heat treatment of electronic devices and technical grade ceramics. In the gas turbine industry, 214® alloy is used for foil construction honeycomb seals, combustor splash plates, and other static oxidation – limited parts. The automotive industry has applications for 214® alloy in catalytic converter internals, and it is used as a burner cup material in auxiliary heaters for military vehicles. In the industrial heating market, 214® alloy is used for highly specialized applications such as refractory anchors, furnace flame hoods, and rotary calciners for processing chloride compounds. It is also used for parts in high temperature chlorine-contaminated environments, such as hospital waste incinerator internals.

*Please contact our technical support team if you have technical questions about this alloy.

Nominal Composition

Weight %
Nickel 75 Balance
Chromium 16
Aluminum 4.5
Iron 3
Cobalt 2 max.
Manganese 0.5 max.
Molybdenum 0.5 max.
Titanium 0.5 max.
Tungsten 0.5 max.
Niobium 0.15 max.
Silicon 0.2 max.
Zirconium 0.1 max.
Carbon 0.04
Boron 0.01 max.
Yttrium 0.01

Applications

Oxidation Resistance

HAYNES® 214® alloy provides resistance to oxidation at temperatures of 1750°F (955°C) and above that is virtually unmatched by any other wrought heat-resistant alloy. It can be used for long-term continuous exposure to combustion gases or air at temperatures up to 2300°F (1260°C), and, for shorter term exposures, it can be used at even higher temperatures. Useful short-term oxidation resistance has even been demonstrated at temperatures as high as 2400°F (1315°C).

Comparative Oxidation Resistance in Flowing Air*

Alloy 1800°F (980°C)/1008 Hours 2000°F (1095°C)/1008 Hours 2100°F (1150°C)/1008 Hours 2200°F (1205°C)/1008 Hours
Average Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected*** Average Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected*** Average Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected*** Average Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected***
mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm
214® 0.1 3 0.3 8 0.1 3 0.2 5 0.1 3 0.5 13 0.1 3 0.7 18
230® 0.2 5 1.5 38 0.5 13 3.3 84 1.2 30 4.4 112 4.7 119 8.3 211
X 0.2 5 1.5 38 1.3 33 4.4 112 3.6 91 6.1 115
601 0.4 10 1.7 43 1.3 33 3.8 97 2.8 71 6.5 165 4.4 112 7.5 191
HR-120® 0.4 10 2.1 53 1 25 4.4 112 7.9 201 10.1 257 21.7 551 25.4 645
556® 0.4 10 2.3 58 1.5 38 6.9 175 10.4 264 17.5 445
600 0.3 8 2.4 61 0.9 23 3.3 84 2.8 71 4.8 122 5.1 130 8.4 213
RA-330 0.3 8 3.0 76 0.8 20 6.7 170
800HT 0.5 13 4.1 104 7.6 193 11.6 295 11 279 15.0 381
HR-160® 0.7 18 5.5 140 1.7 43 10.3 262 2.5 64 16.0 406 13.5 345 62.9 1598
304 SS 5.5 140 8.1 206 NA NA >19.6 >498 NA NA >19.5 >495
316 SS 12.3 312 14.2 361 NA NA >17.5 >445 NA NA >17.5 >445
446 SS 13 330 14.4 366 NA NA >21.5 >546

*Flowing air at a velocity of 7.0 ft/min (213.4 cm/min) past the samples.  Samples cycled to room temperature once per week.
** Metal loss was calculated from final and initial metal thicknesses; i.e. ML = (OMT – FMT) /2.
***Average Metal Affected is sum of Metal Loss and Average Internal Penetration.

Metallographic Technique used for Evaluating Environmental Tests

Comparative Oxidation in Flowing Air 2100°F (1150°C)

Microstructures shown are for coupons exposed for 1008 hours at 2100°F (1150°C) in air flowing at 7.0 feet/minute (213.4 cm/minute) past the samples. Samples were descaled by cathodically charging the coupons while they were immersed in a molten salt solution. The black area shown at the top of each picture represents actual metal loss due to oxidation. The data clearly show HAYNES® 214® alloy is only slightly affected by the exposure, while other nickel-chromium alloys, such as alloys 600 and 601, and iron-nickel-chromium alloys, such as RA330® alloy, all exhibit significantly more oxidation damage. Of particular importance is the almost total absence of internal attack for the 214 alloy. This contrasts markedly with the very substantial amount of internal attack evidenced by the alloy 601 and RA330 alloy tests coupons. The nature of this internal attack, as illustrated by the photomicrographs, is common for alloys containing 1-2% aluminum or silicon. Such levels of these elements do promote chromium oxide scale adherence, but do not afford improved resistance to oxide penetration below the scale.

HAYNES® 214® alloy
Average Metal Affected
= 0.5 mils (13 µm)

Alloy 600
Average Metal Affected
=4.8 mils (122µm)

Alloy 601
Average Metal Affected
=6.5 mils (165 µm)

RA330 alloy
Average Metal Affected
=8.7 mils (221 µm)

Comparative Burner Rig Oxidation Resistance

Alloy 1800°F (980°C)/1008 Hours 2000°F (1095°C)/1008 Hours 2100°F (1150°C)/1008 Hours
Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected**
mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm
214® 1.5 38 1.8 46 1.2 30 1.5 38 2.0 51 2.1 53
230® 2.8 71 5.6 142 7.1 180 9.9 251 6.4 163 13.1 333
556® 4.1 104 6.7 170 9.9 251 12.1 307 11.5 292 14 356
X 4.3 109 7.3 185 11.6 295 14.0 356 13.9 353 15.9 404
HR-160® 5.4 137 11.9 302 12.5 318 18.1 460 8.7 221 15.5 394
601 5.7 145 Through thickness 16.3 414 Through thickness
HR-120® 6.3 160 8.3 211
RA330 8.7 221 10.5 267 15.4 391 17.9 455 11.5 292 13.0 330
310 SS 16.0 406 18.3 465 Consumed
800H 22.9 582 Through thickness Consumed after 300 h Consumed
800HT 23.3 592 Through thickness Consumed after 365 h Consumed
304 SS Consumed Consumed

* Metal loss was calculated from final and initial metal thicknesses; i.e. ML = (OMT – FMT) /2
** Average Metal Affected is sum of Metal Loss and Average Internal Penetration

Amount of metal affected for high‐temperature sheet (0.060 ‐0.125”)
alloys exposed for 360 days (8,640‐h) in flowing air.*

Alloy 1800°F (980°C) 2000°F (1095°C) 2100°F (1150°C) 2200°F (1205°C)
Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected*** Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected*** Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected*** Metal Loss** Average Metal Affected***
mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm mils μm
214® 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4 36
230® 0.1 3 2.5 64 3.4 86 11 279 28.5 724 34.4 874 39 991 64 1626
X 0.2 5 2.8 71 17.1 434 26.2 665 51.5 1308 55.4 1407 >129.0 >3277 >129.0 >3277
HR‐120® 0.5 13 3.3 84 18.1 460 23.2 589 33.6 853 44 1118 >132.0 >3353 >132.0 >3353
556® 0.5 13 6.2 157 15 381 24.1 612
HR-160® 1.7 43 13.7 348 7.2 183 30.8 782 12 305 45.6 1158 13.5 345 62.9 1598

*Flowing air at a velocity of 7.0 ft/min (213.4 cm/min) past the samples.  Samples cycled to room temperature once per month.
** Metal loss was calculated from final and initial metal thicknesses; i.e. ML = (OMT – FMT) /2
***Average Metal Affected is sum of Metal Loss and Average Internal Penetration

Oxidation Test Paramerters

Burner rig oxidation tests were conducted by exposing, in a rotating holder, samples 0.375 inch x 2.5 inches x thickness (9.5mm x 64mm x thickness) to the products of combustion of fuel oil (2 parts No. 1 and 1 part No. 2) burned at a ratio of air to fuel of about 50:1. (Gas velocity was about 0.3 mach). Samples were automatically removed from the gas stream every 30 minutes and fan cooled to less than 500°F (260°C) and then reinserted into the flame tunnel.

Comparative Burner Rig Oxidation Resistance at 1800°F (980°C)/1000 Hours

(Black areas of micros indicates actual metal loss)

HAYNES® 214® alloy
Average Metal Affected
= 1.8 mils (45.7 µm)

Alloy 601
Average Metal Affected
> 23 mils (> 584 µm)

RA330 alloy
Average Metal Affected
=10.5 mils (267 µm)

Alloy 800H
Average Metal Affected
> 38 mils (> 965 µm)

Comparative Burner Rig Oxidation Resistance at 2000°F (1095°C)/500 Hours

HAYNES® 214® alloy
Average Metal Affected
= 1.2 mils (30 µm)

Alloy 601
Average Metal Affected
> 23 mils (> 584 µm)

RA330 alloy
Average Metal Affected
=17.9 mils (455 µm)

Alloy 800H
Average Metal Affected
> 38 mils (> 965 µm)

Water Vapor

HAYNES® 214® alloy Water Vapor 1200°F (650°C)

1200°F (650°C)
Alloy
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 5%H2O
1008h (cycled weekly)in air + 10%H2O
Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected**
mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm
214® 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 2
230® 0 0 0.05 2 0.01 0 0.2 5
625 0 0 0.07 2 0.01 0 0.26 7
X 0 0 0.18 4 0.01 0 0.13 3
HR‐120® 0 0 0.23 6 0.02 0 0.55 14
347SS 0.02 0 0.28 7 0.03 1 0.34 9
253MA 0.05 1 0.5 13 0.08 2 1.12 29

HAYNES® 214® alloy Water Vapor 1400°F (760°C)

1400°F (760°C)
Alloy
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 5%H2O
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 10%H2O
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 20%H2O
Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected**
mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm
214® 0.01 1 0.05 1 0.01 0 0.16 4 0.01 0 0.01 0
230® 0.03 1 0.24 6 0.03 1 0.21 6 0.04 1 0.14 4
625 0.02 1 0.13 3 0.04 1 0.27 7 0.05 1 0.25 6
HR‐120® 0.04 1 0.24 6 0.04 1 0.29 7 0.08 2 0.68 17
X 0.04 1 0.32 8 0.04 1 0.3 8 0.06 2 0.36 9
617 0.05 1 0.45 11
253MA 0.04 1 0.42 11 0.08 2 0.68 17 0.19 5 0.99 25
347SS 0.04 1 0.46 12 0.18 5 0.88 22 0.78 20 1.98 50
1600°F (870°C)
Alloy
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 5%H2O
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 10%H2O
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 20%H2O
Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected**
mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm
214® 0.05 1 0.21 5 0.05 1 0.26 7 0.04 1 0.12 3
625 0.11 3 0.41 11 0.11 3 0.5 12 0.11 3 0.6 15
X 0.09 2 0.38 10 0.03 1 0.5 13 0.13 3 1.17 30
230® 0.06 1 0.32 8 0.07 2 0.53 13 0.08 2 1.11 28
HR‐120® 0.08 2 0.54 14 0.09 2 0.68 17 0.16 4 1.06 27
617 0.08 2 0.88 22
347SS 0.65 16 1.48 38 0.86 22 1.48 38 7.31 186 9.34 237
253MA 0.12 3 0.43 11 0.66 17 1.59 41 0.64 16 1.67 42
1800°F (980°C)
Alloy
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 5%H2O
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 10%H2O
1008h (cycled weekly) in air + 20%H2O
Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected** Metal Loss* Average Metal Affected**
mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm mils µm
214® 0.04 1 0.24 6 0.05 1 0.55 14 0.04 1 0.64 16
188 0.13 3 1.43 36 0.14 4 1.64 42 0.18 5 1.48 38
230® 0.17 4 1.47 37 0.18 5 1.38 35 0.19 5 1.59 40
625 0.32 8 1.62 41 0.16 4 1.46 37 0.36 9 1.66 42
X 0.27 7 1.77 45 0.26 7 1.66 42 0.27 7 1.77 45
556® 0.35 9 1.85 47
617 0.3 8 2 51 0.15 4 1.65 42 0.39 10 1.99 50
HR‐120® 0.34 9 1.94 49 0.36 9 1.66 42 0.38 10 2.08 53
800HT 2.47 63 5.07 129
HR-160® 0.77 20 5.57 141

 

* Metal loss was calculated from final and initial metal thicknesses; i.e. ML = (OMT – FMT) /2
** Average Metal Affected is sum of Metal Loss and Average Internal Penetration

Carburization Resistance

HAYNES® 214® alloy has very good resistance to carburization, as measured in both packed graphite exposure tests and mixed gas exposure tests. Results for these tests are presented in the following pages. All results are presented in terms of the mass of carbon absorption per unit area, which was obtained from the equation M = C(W/A) where M = the mass of carbon absorption per unit area (mg/cm2). C = difference in carbon (weight fraction) before and after exposure, W = weight of the unexposed specimen (mg) and A = surface area of the specimen exposed to the test environment (cm2).

Packed Carburization Resistance

Carbon absorption observed for 214® alloy following 500 hour exposure in packed graphite at 1800°F (980°C) was very low, as shown below. While superior resistance was exhibited by HAYNES HR-120® and 556® alloys, other alloys tested exhibited significantly greater carbon absorption. In particular, the resistance to carburization of 214® alloy was far better than that for the stainless steel type materials.

Mixed Gas Carburization Tests

Carbon absorption observed for 214® alloy following exposure at both 1700°F (925°C) and 1800°F (980°C) to a carburizing gas mixture was significantly lower than that for all other materials tested. This is shown in the graphs on the following pages. For these tests, the exposure was performed in a gas environment consisting of (by volume %) 5.0% H2, 5.0% CO, 5.0% CHand the balance argon. The calculated equilibrium composition for the test environments are shown together with the results on the following pages.

Comparative 1700°F (925°C) Mix Gas Carburization Tests

The calculated equilibrium composition (volume %) at 1700°F (925°C) and one atma was 14.2% H2,4.74% CO, 0.0044% CO2, 0.032 CH4 and balance Argon. The activity of Carbon was 1.0 and the partial pressure of Oxygen was 2.47 x 10-22 atma.

Comparative 1800°F (980°C) Mixed Gas Carburization Tests

The calculated equilibrium composition (volume %) at 1800°F (980°C) and one atma was 14.2% H2, 4.75% CO, 0.0021% CO2, 0.024% CH4, 0.0098% H2O and balance argon. The activity of Carbon was 1.0 and the partial pressure of Oxygen was 6.78 x 10-22 atma.

Resistance to Chlorine-Bearing Environments

HAYNES® 214® alloy provides outstanding resistance to corrosion in high-temperature, chlorinecontaminated oxidizing environments. This is particularly evident for exposures at temperatures at or above 1800°F (980°C), where the formation of the Al2O3-rich protective oxide scale is favored. Test results are shown for 400 hour exposures in a flowing gas mixture of Ar + 20% O2 + 0.25% Cl2. Note that the metal loss exhibited by 214 alloy is very low compared to other alloys tested.

HAYNES® 214® alloy has also been tested in environments with higher levels of chlorine contamination. The photomicrographs to the right are for samples exposed to a mixture of air and 2% chlorine for 50 hours at 1830°F (1000°C). Once again, the black area at the top of each photograph represents actual metal loss experience. Alloy 601 exhibited 2.0 Mils (51 µm) of metal loss, and an average internal penetration of 6.0 Mils (152 µm), for a total average metal affected of 8.0 Mils (203 µm). Results for 214® alloy, by contrast, were 1.0 Mils (25 µm) of metal loss, 1.0 Mils (25 µm) of average internal penetration, for a total average metal affected of only 2.0 Mils (51 µm). These results are consistent with the results for lower chlorine level, longer-term tests given on the previous page.

Nitriding Resistance

While not the most resistant alloy for nitriding environments at traditional 1000°F to 1200°F (540°C to 650°C) temperatures, 214 alloy exhibits outstanding resistance at the higher temperatures where its protective Al2O3 scale can form, even in extremely low oxygen environments. Tests were performed in flowing ammonia at 1200, 1800 and 2000°F (650, 980 and 1095°C) for 168 hours. Nitrogen absorption was determined by technical analysis of samples before and after exposure, and knowledge of the exposed specimen area.

HAYNES® 214® alloy Nitriding Resistance

Alloy
Nitrogen Absorption (mg/cm2)
1200°F (649°C) 1800°F (982°C) 2000°F (1093°C)
230® 0.7 1.4 1.5
600 0.8 0.9 0.3
625 0.8 2.5 3.3
601 1.1 1.2 2.6
214® 1.5 0.3 0.2
X 1.7 3.2 3.8
800H 4.3 4.0 5.5
310 SS 7.4 7.7 9.5

Physical Properties

Physical Property British Units Metric Units
Melting Range 2475-2550°F 1355-1400°C
Electrical Resistivity RT 53.5 µohm-in RT 135.9 µohm-cm
200°F 53.9 µohm-in 100°C 136.9 µohm-cm
400°F 53.9 µohm-in 200°C 136.9 µohm-cm
600°F 53.9 µohm-in 300°C 136.9 µohm-cm
800°F 54.3 µohm-in 400°C 137.7 µohm-cm
1000°F 54.3 µohm-in 500°C 137.9 µohm-cm
1200°F 53.5 µohm-in 600°C 136.8 µohm-cm
1400°F 51.6 µohm-in 700°C 133.7 µohm-cm
1600°F 49.6 µohm-in 800°C 129.2 µohm-cm
1800°F 48.0 µohm-in 900°C 124.9 µohm-cm
1900°F 47.6 µohm-in 1000°C 121.6 µohm-cm
2000°F 47.6 µohm-in 1050°C 120.9 µohm-cm
2100°F 48.0 µohm-in 1100°C 121.0 µohm-cm
2200°F 48.4 µohm-in 1150°C 121.9 µohm-cm
- - 1200°C 122.9 µohm-cm
Thermal Conductivity RT
83 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
RT 12.0 W/m-°C
200°F
88 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
100°C 12.8 W/m-°C
400°F
99 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
200°C 14.2 W/m-°C
600°F
112 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
300°C 15.9 W/m-°C
800°F
132 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
400°C 18.4 W/m-°C
1000°F
153 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
500°C 21.1 W/m-°C
1200°F
175 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
600°C 23.9 W/m-°C
1400°F
200 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
700°C 26.9 W/m-°C
1600°F
215 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
800°C 29.7 W/m-°C
1800°F
225 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
900°C 31.4 W/m-°C
2000°F
234 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
1000°C 32.7 W/m-°C
2200°F
255 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F
1100°C 34.0 W/m-°C
- - 1200°C 36.7 W/m-°C
Thermal Diffusivity RT
5.2 x 10-3 in2/sec
RT
33.6 x 10-3 cm2/sec
200ºF 
5.7 x 10-3 in2/sec
100 
34.5 x 10-3 cm2/sec
400°F 
6.2 x 10-3 in2/sec
200 
36.6 x 10-3 cm2/sec
600°F 
6.8 x 10-3 in2/sec 
300 
39.4 x 10-3 cm2/sec
800°F 
7.5 x 10-3 in2/sec
400 
43.2 x 10-3 cm2/sec
1000°F 
7.9 x 10-3 in2/sec
500 
47.2 x 10-3 cm2/sec
1200°F 
8.1 x 10-3 in2/sec
600 
49.5 x 10-3 cm2/sec
1400°F 
8.2 x 10-3 in2/sec
700 
52.9 x 10-3 cm2/sec
1600°F 
8.4 x 10-3 in2/sec
800 
51.7 x 10-3 cm2/sec
1800°F 
9.1 x 10-3 in2/sec
900 
53.3 x 10-3 cm2/sec
2000°F 
9.4 x 10-3 in2/sec
1000 
54.2 x 10-3 cm2/sec
2175°F 
5.2 x 10-3 in2/sec
1100 
58.6 x 10-3 cm2/sec
1200 
61.2 x 10-3 cm2/sec
Specific Heat RT 0.108 Btu/lb.-°F RT 452 J/Kg-°C
200°F 0.112 Btu/lb.-°F 100°C 470 J/Kg-°C
400°F 0.118 Btu/lb.-°F 200°C 493 J/Kg-°C
600°F 0.124 Btu/lb.-°F 300°C 515 J/Kg-°C
800°F 0.130 Btu/lb.-°F 400°C 538 J/Kg-°C
1000°F 0.136 Btu/lb.-°F 500°C 561 J/Kg-°C
1200°F 0.154 Btu/lb.-°F 600°C 611 J/Kg-°C
1400°F 0.166 Btu/lb.-°F 700°C 668 J/Kg-°C
1600°F 0.173 Btu/lb.-°F 800°C 705 J/Kg-°C
1800°F 0.177 Btu/lb.-°F 900°C 728 J/Kg-°C
1900°F 0.178 Btu/lb.-°F 1000°C 742 J/Kg-°C
2000°F 0.179 Btu/lb.-°F 1100°C 749 J/Kg-°C
2200°F 0.180 Btu/lb.-°F 1200°C 753 J/Kg-°C
Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 70 - 400°F 7.4 µin/in-°F 25 - 200°C 13.3 µm/m-°C
70 - 600°F 7.6 µin/in-°F 25 - 300°C 13.6 µm/m-°C
70 - 800°F 7.9 µin/in-°F 25 - 400°C 14.1 µm/m-°C
70 - 1000°F 8.2 µin/in-°F 25 - 500°C 14.6 µm/m-°C
70 - 1200°F 8.6 µin/in-°F 25 - 600°C 15.2 µm/m-°C
70 - 1400°F 9.0 µin/in-°F 25 - 700°C 15.8 µm/m-°C
70 - 1600°F 9.6 µin/in-°F 25 - 800°C 16.6 µm/m-°C
70 - 1800°F 10.2 µin/in-°F 25 - 900°C 17.6 µm/m-°C
70 - 2000°F 11.1 µin/in-°F 25 - 1000°C 18.6 µm/m-°C
- - 25-1100°C 20.2 µm/m-°C
Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity RT
31.6 x 106 psi
RT 218 GPa
200°F
30.6 x 106 psi
100°C 210 GPa
400°F
29.6 x 106 psi
200°C 204 GPa
600°F
28.7 x 106 psi
300°C 199 GPa
800°F
27.4 x 106 psi
400°C 190 GPa
1000°F
25.3 x 106 psi
500°C 184 GPa
1200°F
23.9 x 106 psi
600°C 177 GPa
1400°F
22.3 x 106 psi
700°C 170 GPa
1600°F
20.2 x 106 psi
800°C 162 GPa
1800°F
19.0 x 106 psi
900°C 151 GPa
- - 1000°C 137 GPa

RT = Room Temperature

Tensile Properties

Cold-Rolled and Solution Annealed Sheet, 0.078 to 0.125 Inches (2.0 to 3.2 mm) Thick*

HAYNES® 214® alloy Tensile Properties Cold-Rolled and Solution Annealed Sheet, 0.078 to 0.125 Inches (2.0 to 3.2 mm) Thick*

Test Temperature Yield Strength at 0.2% Offset Ultimate Tensile Strength Elongation
°F °C ksi MPa ksi MPa %
RT RT 83.6 577 141.4 975 37.3
1200 649 77.9 537 109.6 756 22.2
1400 760 72.3 498 88.2 608 20.4
1600 871 40.5 279 49.5 341 49.4
1800 982 6.0 41 9.8 68 144.8
1900 1038 3.9 27 7.3 51 153.1
2000 1093 3.0 20 5.5 38 157.1
2100 1149 2.0 14 4.0 28 159.3
2200 1204 1.4 10 3.2 22 134.6

RT= Room Temperature

Hot-Rolled and Solution Annealed Plate, 0.500 Inches (12.7 mm) Thick*

HAYNES® 214® alloy Tensile Properties Hot-Rolled and Solution Annealed Plate, 0.500 Inches (12.7 mm) Thick*

Test Temperature Yield Strength at 0.2% Offset Ultimate Tensile Strength Elongation
°F °C ksi MPa ksi MPa %
RT RT 82.2 565 138.9 960 42.8
1000 538 71.5 495 120.0 825 47.8
1200 649 75.9 252 114.9 790 33.0
1400 760 73.6 505 94.4 670 23.1
1600 871 50.4 345 66.4 460 33.6
1800 982 8.4 58 16.7 115 86.4
2000 1093 4.2 29 9.0 62 88.6
2100 1149 2.1 14 6.6 46 99.4
2200 1204 1.4 10 5.0 34 91.5

RT = Room Temperature

*Elevated temperature tensile tests for plate were performed with a strain rate that is no longer standard.  These results were from tests with a strain rate of 0.005 in./in./minute through yield and a crosshead speed of 0.5 in./minute for every inch of reduced test section from yield through failure.  The current standard is to use a strain rate of 0.005 in./in./minute though yield and a crosshead speed of 0.05 in./minute for every inch of reduced test section from yield through failure.

Welded Tensile Tests

HAYNES® 214® alloy Tensile Properties Welded Tensile Tests

Test Temperature Yield Strength at 0.2% Offset Ultimate Tensile Strength Elongation
°F °C ksi MPa ksi MPa %
Transverse Specimens with GTAW Welds RT RT 81.0 558 124.0 855 22.0
1000 538 70.0 483 99.0 683 13.0
1200 649 79 545 97 669 10
1400 760 77 531 83 572 5
1500 816 66 455 70 483 5
1600 871 46 317 50 345 5
1800 982 10 69 11 76 35
2000 1093 4 28 5 34 29
All Weld Metal Specimens RT RT 85 586 118 814 33
1400 760 81 558 85 586 4
1500 816 68 469 70 483 4
1600 871 N/A N/A 51 352 1
1800 982 N/A N/A 12 83 24

Hardness

HAYNES® 214® alloy Hardness

Typical ASTM Grain Size Average Hardness, HRBW
Plate 3.5 – 5 100
Bar 2.5 – 5.5 94
Sheet 3.5 – 5 98

Creep and Rupture Properties

Solution Annealed Sheet

HAYNES® 214® alloy - Creep and Rupture Properties Solution Annealed Sheet

Temperature Creep Approximate Initial Stress to Produce Specified Creep in
10 h 100 h 1,000 h 10,000 h
°F °C % ksi MPa ksi MPa ksi MPa ksi MPa
1200 649 0.5 46 317
1 53 365
R 57 393 37 255
1300 704 0.5 45 310 30 207
1 49 338 32 221
R 51 352 33 228 21* 145*
1400 760 0.5 38 262 26 179 17.5 121 11.2* 77*
1 42 290 29 200 18.8 130 11.7 81
R 50 345 33 228 19.8 137 12.3 85
1500 816 0.5 23 159 15 103