Principal Features

More than 50 years of proven performance in a wide range of aggressive chemicals

HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy (UNS N10276) was the first wrought, nickel-chromium-molybdenum material to alleviate concerns over welding (by virtue of extremely low carbon and silicon contents). As such, it was widely accepted in the chemical process and associated industries, and now has a more than 50-year-old track record of proven performance in a vast number of corrosive chemicals.

Like other nickel alloys, it is ductile, easy to form and weld, and possesses exceptional resistance to stress corrosion cracking in chloride-bearing solutions (a form of degradation to which the austenitic stainless steels are prone). With its high chromium and molybdenum contents, it is able to withstand both oxidizing and non-oxidizing acids, and exhibits outstanding resistance to pitting and crevice attack in the presence of chlorides and other halides. Furthermore, it is very resistant to sulfide stress cracking and stress corrosion cracking in sour, oilfield environments.

HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy is available in the form of plates, sheets, strips, billets, bars, wires, pipes, tubes, and covered electrodes. Typical chemical process industry (CPI) applications include reactors, heat exchangers, and columns.

*Please contact our technical support team if you have technical questions about this alloy.

Nominal Composition

Weight %
Nickel 57 Balance
Cobalt 2.5 max. 
Chromium 16
Molybdenum 16
Iron 5
Tungsten 4
Manganese 1 max.
Vanadium 0.35 max.
Silicon 0.08 max.
Carbon 0.01 max.
Copper 0.5 max. 

Iso-Corrosion Diagrams

Each of these iso-corrosion diagrams was constructed using numerous corrosion rate values, generated at different acid concentrations and temperatures. The blue line represents those combinations of acid concentration and temperature at which a corrosion rate of 0.1 mm/y (4 mils per year) is expected, based on laboratory tests in reagent grade acids. Below the line, rates under 0.1 mm/y are expected. Similarly, the red line indicates the combinations of acid concentration and temperature at which a corrosion rate of 0.5 mm/y (20 mils per year) is expected. Above the line, rates over 0.5 mm/y are expected. Between the blue and red lines, corrosion rates are expected to fall between 0.1 and 0.5 mm/y.

Comparative Plots

To compare the performance of HASTELLOY C-276 alloy with that of other materials, it is useful to plot the 0.1 mm/y lines. In the following graphs, the lines for C-276 alloy are compared with those of two popular, austenitic stainless steels (316L and 254SMO), and a lower-molybdenum nickel alloy (625), in hydrochloric and sulfuric acids. At hydrochloric acid concentrations above about 5%, C-276 alloy provides a quantum improvement over the stainless steels, and offers much greater resistance to higher concentrations of both acids than alloy 625. The concentration limit of 20% hydrochloric acid is the azeotrope, beyond which high temperature corrosion tests are less reliable.

Selected Corrosion Data

Hydrobromic Acid

Conc. Wt.% 50°F 75°F 100°F 125°F 150°F 175°F 200°F 225°F Boiling
10°C 24°C 38°C 52°C 66°C 79°C 93°C 107°C
2.5 - - - - - - - - 0.13
5 - - - - - 0.01 0.15 - 0.78
7.5 - - - - 0.01 0.14 0.73 - -
10 - - - - 0.02 0.51 0.89 - -
15 - - - 0.01 0.34 0.57 - - -
20 - - <0.01 0.25 0.37 0.51 - - -
25 - - 0.11 0.20 0.29 0.45 0.75 - -
30 - - 0.12 0.20 0.28 0.44 0.75 - -
40 - - 0.08 0.13 0.21 0.30 0.53 - -

All corrosion rates are in millimeters per year (mm/y); to convert to mils (thousandths of an inch) per year, divide by 0.0254.
Data are from Corrosion Laboratory Jobs 15-02, 27-02, and 37-02.
All tests were performed in reagent grade acids under laboratory conditions; field tests are encouraged prior to industrial use.

Hydrochloric Acid

Conc.Wt.% 50°F 75°F 100°F 125°F 150°F 175°F 200°F 225°F Boiling
10°C 24°C 38°C 52°C 66°C 79°C 93°C 107°C
1 - - - - - - - - 0.33
1.5 - - - - - - - - 0.70
2 - - - - 0.01 0.02 0.57 - 1.26
2.5 - - - - - 0.03 0.89 - 1.86
3 - - - - 0.01 0.42 1.18 - 2.34
3.5 - - - - - 0.57 1.26 - 2.43
4 - - - - 0.02 0.67 1.37 - 2.92
4.5 - - - - 0.37 0.68 1.72 - 3.34
5 - - - 0.02 0.31 0.75 1.25 - 3.63
7.5 - - 0.03 0.31 0.53 0.94 - - -
10 - - 0.17 0.32 0.46 1.18 - - -
15 - - 0.19 0.33 0.54 1.21 - - -
20 - - 0.14 0.29 0.55 1.10 - - -
All corrosion rates are in millimeters per year (mm/y); to convert to mils (thousandths of an inch) per year, divide by 0.0254.
Data are from Corrosion Laboratory Jobs 8-95, 11-95, 18-95, 36-95, 3-96, 9-96, 16-96, and 25-96.
All tests were performed in reagent grade acids under laboratory conditions; field tests are encouraged prior to industrial use.

Nitric Acid

Conc.Wt.% 50°F 75°F 100°F 125°F 150°F 175°F 200°F 225°F Boiling
10°C 24°C 38°C 52°C 66°C 79°C 93°C 107°C
10 - - 0.01 - 0.03 - 0.06 - 0.26
20 - - - - 0.09 - 0.16 - 0.66
30 - - 0.02 - 0.14 0.17 0.41 - 1.52
40 - - - 0.05 0.20 0.38 0.88 - 4.42
50 - - 0.04 0.07 0.30 0.65 1.51 - -
60 - - 0.06 0.10 0.42 0.82 2.03 - 18.42
65 - - - - 0.41 - 2.53 - 22.12
70 - - 0.06 - 0.46 1.12 2.62 - -
All corrosion rates are in millimeters per year (mm/y); to convert to mils (thousandths of an inch) per year, divide by 0.0254.
Data are from Corrosion Laboratory Jobs 1-74 and 19-97.
All tests were performed in reagent grade acids under laboratory conditions; field tests are encouraged prior to industrial use.

Phosphoric Acid

Conc.Wt.% 125°F 150°F 175°F 200°F 225°F 250°F 275°F 300°F Boiling
52°C 66°C 79°C 93°C 107°C 121°C 135°C 149°C
50 - - 0.01 0.02 - - - - 0.18
60 - - 0.01 0.02 0.08 - - - 0.28
70 - - 0.01 0.02 0.08 0.08 - - 0.13
75 - - - - - - - - 1.29
80 - - 0.01 0.02 - 0.09 0.12 - 0.31
85 - - - - - 0.09 0.17 0.29 1.68
All corrosion rates are in millimeters per year (mm/y); to convert to mils (thousandths of an inch) per year, divide by 0.0254.
Data are from Corrosion Laboratory Jobs 19-95 and 64-96.
All tests were performed in reagent grade acids under laboratory conditions; field tests are encouraged prior to industrial use.

Sulfuric Acid

Conc.Wt.% 75°F 100°F 125°F 150°F 175°F 200°F 225°F 250°F 275°F 300°F 350°F Boiling
24°C 38°C 52°C 66°C 79°C 93°C 107°C 121°C 135°C 149°C 177°C
1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
10 - - - - 0.03 0.14 - - - - - 0.18
20 - - - - 0.05 0.40 - - - - - 0.49
30 - - - - 0.06 0.42 - - - - - 0.83
40 - - - - 0.19 0.48 1.02 - - - - 1.87
50 - - - 0.02 0.26 0.62 1.13 2.33 - - - 3.64
60 - - - 0.02 0.30 0.67 1.03 2.87 - - - 13.08
70 - - - 0.05 0.16 0.50 1.06 13.68 - - - -
80 - - - 0.04 0.14 0.60 2.73 5.66 - - - -
90 - - - 0.03 0.05 0.46 1.64 4.79 - - - -
96 - - - - 0.04 0.18 0.95 - - - - -
All corrosion rates are in millimeters per year (mm/y); to convert to mils (thousandths of an inch) per year, divide by 0.0254.
Data are from Corrosion Laboratory Jobs 8-95, 11-95, 18-95, 43-95, 9-96, 15-96, and 20-96.
All tests were performed in reagent grade acids under laboratory conditions; field tests are encouraged prior to industrial use.

 Reagent Grade Solutions, mm/y

Chemical Conc. 100°F 125°F 150°F 175°F 200°F Boiling
38°C 52°C 66°C 79°C 93°C
Acetic Acid 99 - - - - - <0.01
Chromic Acid 10 - - 0.13 - - -
20 - - 0.53 - - -
Formic Acid 88 - - - - - 0.04
Hydrobromic Acid 2.5 - - - - - 0.13
Hydrobromic Acid 5 - - - - - 0.78
7.5 - - 0.01 0.14 - -
10 - - 0.02 0.51 - -
15 - 0.01 0.34 0.57 - -
20 <0.01 0.25 0.37 0.51 - -
25 0.11 0.20 0.29 0.45 - -
30 0.12 0.20 0.28 0.44 - -
40 0.08 0.13 0.21 0.30 - -
Hydrochloric Acid 1 - - - - - 0.33
1.5 - - - - - 0.70
2 - - 0.01 0.02 - -
2.5 - - - 0.03 - -
3 - - 0.01 0.42 - -
3.5 - - - 0.57 - -
4 - - 0.02 0.67 - -
4.5 - - 0.37 0.68 - -
5 - 0.02 0.31 0.75 - -
7.5 0.03 0.31 0.53 0.94 - -
10 0.17 0.32 0.46 1.18 - -
15 0.19 0.33 0.54 1.21 - -
20 0.14 0.29 0.55 1.10 - -
Hydrofluoric Acid* 5 - 0.34 - - - -
10 - 0.41 - - - -
20 - 0.48 - - - -
Nitric Acid 10 - - 0.03 - 0.06 0.26
20 - - 0.09 - 0.16 0.66
30 - - 0.14 0.17 0.41 -
40 - - 0.20 0.38 0.88 -
50 - - 0.30 0.65 1.51 -
60 - - 0.42 0.82 2.03 -
65 - - 0.41 - 2.53 -
70 - - 0.46 - 2.62 -
Phosphoric Acid 50 - - - 0.01 0.02 -
60 - - - 0.01 0.02 -
70 - - - 0.01 0.02 -
75 - - - - - -
80 - - - 0.01 0.02 -
85 - - - - - -
Sulfuric Acid 10 - - - 0.03 0.14 0.18
20 - - - 0.05 0.40 0.49
30 - - - 0.06 0.42 0.83
40 - - - 0.19 0.48 -
50 - - 0.02 0.26 0.62 -
60 - - 0.02 0.30 0.67 -
70 - - 0.05 0.16 0.50 -
80 - - 0.04 0.14 0.60 -
90 - - 0.03 0.05 0.46 -
96 - - - 0.04 0.18 -

*Hydrofluoric acid can also induce internal attack of nickel alloys; these values represent only external attack.

Resistance to Pitting and Crevice Corrosion

HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy exhibits high resistance to chloride-induced pitting and crevice attack, forms of corrosion to which the austenitic stainless steels are particularly prone. To assess the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice attack, it is customary to measure their Critical Pitting Temperatures and Critical Crevice Temperatures in acidified 6 wt.% ferric chloride, in accordance with the procedures defined in ASTM Standard G 48. These values represent the lowest temperatures at which pitting and crevice attack are encountered in this solution, within 72 hours. For comparison, the values for 316L, 254SMO, 625, and C-276 alloys are as follows:
Alloy
Critical Pitting Temperature in Acidified 6% FeCl3
Critical Crevice Temperature in Acidified 6% FeCl3
°F °C °F °C
316L 59 15 32 0
254SMO 140 60 86 30
625 212 100 104 40
C-276 302 150 131 55

Other chloride-bearing environments, notably Green Death (11.5% H2SO4 + 1.2% HCl + 1% FeCl3 + 1% CuCl2) and Yellow Death (4% NaCl + 0.1% Fe2(SO4)3 + 0.021M HCl), have been used to compare the resistance of various alloys to pitting and crevice attack (using tests of 24 hours duration). In Green Death, the lowest temperature at which pitting has been observed in C-276 alloy is the boiling point. In Yellow Death, C-276 alloy has not exhibited pitting, even at the maximum test temperature (150°C).The Critical Crevice Temperature of C-276 alloy in Yellow Death is 60°C.

Resistance to Stress Corrosion Cracking

One of the chief attributes of the nickel alloys is their resistance to chloride-induced stress corrosion cracking. A common solution for assessing the resistance of materials to this extremely destructive form of attack is boiling 45% magnesium chloride (ASTM Standard G 36), typically with stressed U-bend samples. As is evident from the following results, the two nickel alloys, C-276 and 625, are much more resistant to this form of attack than the comparative, austenitic stainless steels. The tests were stopped after 1,008 hours (six weeks).
Alloy Time to Cracking
316L 2 h
254SMO 24 h
625 No Cracking in 1,008 h
C-276 No Cracking in 1,008 h

Resistance to Seawater Crevice Corrosion

Seawater is probably the most common aqueous salt solution. Not only is it encountered in marine transportation and offshore oil rigs, but it is also used as a coolant in coastal facilities. Listed are data generated as part of a U.S. Navy study at the LaQue Laboratories in Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina (and published by D.M. Aylor et al, Paper No. 329, CORROSION 99, NACE International, 1999). Crevice tests were performed in both still (quiescent) and flowing seawater, at 29°C, plus or minus 3°C. Two samples (A & B) of each alloy were tested in still water for 180 days, and likewise in flowing water. Each sample contained two possible crevice sites.

Alloy Quiescent Flowing
 No. of Sites Attacked Maximum Depth of Attack, mm No. of Sites Attacked Maximum Depth of Attack, mm
316L A:2, B:2 A:1.33, B:2.27 A:2, B:2 A:0.48, B:0.15
254SMO A:2, B:2 A:0.76, B:1.73 A:2, B:2 A:0.01, B:<0.01
625 A:1, B:2 A:0.18, B:0.04 A:2, B:2 A:<0.01, B:<0.01
C-276 A:1, B:1 A:0.10, B:0.13 A:0, B:0 A:0, B:0

Corrosion Resistance of Welds

To assess the resistance of welds to corrosion, Haynes International has chosen to test all-weld-metal samples, taken from the quadrants of cruciform assemblies, created using multiple gas metal arc (MIG) weld passes. Predictably, the inhomogeneous nature of weld microstructures leads to higher corrosion rates (than with homogeneous, wrought products). Nevertheless, HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy exhibits excellent resistance to the key, inorganic acids, even in welded form, as shown in the following table:
Chemical Concentration Temperature Corrosion Rate
wt.% °F °C Weld Metal Wrought Base Metal
mpy mm/y mpy mm/y
H2SO4
30 150 66 1.2 0.03 0.1 0.01
H2SO4
50 150 66 1.2 0.03 0.8 0.02
H2SO4
70 150 66 5.1 0.13 2.0 0.05
H2SO4
90 150 66 4.3 0.11 1.2 0.03
HCl 10 100 38 8.7 0.22 6.7 0.17
HCl 15 100 38 7.9 0.20 7.5 0.19
HCl 20 100 38 6.3 0.16 5.5 0.14

Physical Properties

Physical Property British Units Metric Units
Density RT
0.321 lb/in3
RT
8.89 g/cm3
Electrical Resistivity RT 48.4 μohm.in RT 1.23 μohm.m
200°F 48.7 μohm.in 100°C 1.24 μohm.m
400°F 49.0 μohm.in 200°C 1.25 μohm.m
600°F 49.5 μohm.in 300°C 1.26 μohm.m
800°F 49.8 μohm.in 400°C 1.26 μohm.m
1000°F 50.6 μohm.in 500°C 1.28 μohm.m
- - 600°C 1.30 μohm.m
Thermal Conductivity 100°F
71 Btu.in/h.ft2.°F
50°C 10.5 W/m.°C
200°F
77 Btu.in/h.ft2.°F
100°C 11.2 W/m.°C
400°F
90 Btu.in/h.ft2.°F
200°C 12.9 W/m.°C
600°F
104 Btu.in/h.ft2.°F
300°C 14.7 W/m.°C
800°F
117 Btu.in/h.ft2.°F
400°C 16.5 W/m.°C
1000°F
132 Btu.in/h.ft2.°F
500°C 18.3 W/m.°C
Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 75-200°F 6.2 μin/in.°F 24-100°C 11.2 μm/m.°C
75-400°F 6.7 μin/in.°F 24-200°C 12.0 μm/m2.°C
77-600°F 7.1 μin/in.°F 24-300°C 12.7 μm/m.°C
77-800°F 7.3 μin/in.°F 24-400°C 13.1 μm/m.°C
77-1000°F 7.4 μin/in.°F 24-500°C 13.3 μm/m.°C
77-1100°F 7.8 μin/in.°F 24-600°C 13.8 μm/m.°C
Magnetic Permeability 200 oersted 1.0002 15.9 kA/m 1.0002
Specific Heat RT 0.102 Btu/lb.°F RT 427 J/kg.°C
Dynamic Modulus RT
29.8 x 106psi
RT 205 GPa
400°F
28.3 x 106psi
200°C 195 GPa
600°F
27.3 x 106psi
300°C 189 GPa
800°F
26.4 x 106psi
400°C 183 GPa
1000°F
25.5 x 106psi
500°C 178 GPa
Melting Range 2415-2500°F - 1323-1371°C -
Poisson’s Ratio - - RT 0.31

RT = Room Temperature

Impact Strength

Test Temperature Impact Strength
°F °C ft-lbf J
RT RT 353 479
-320 -196 383 519
Impact strengths were generated using Charpy V-notch samples, machined from mill annealed plate.

Tensile Strength and Elongation

Form Test Temperature Thickness 0.2%OffsetYield Strength Ultimate TensileStrength Elongation
°F °C in mm ksi MPa ksi MPa %
Sheet RT RT 0.078 2 51.6 356 114.9 792 61
Sheet 400 204 0.078 2 42.0 290 100.6 694 59
Sheet 600 316 0.078 2 35.9 248 98.8 681 68
Sheet 800 427 0.078 2 32.7 225 94.3 650 67
Sheet 400 204 0.094 2.4 39.9 275 101.0 696 58
Sheet 600 316 0.094 2.4 33.5 231 97.6 673 64
Sheet 800 427 0.094 2.4 29.7 205 93.5 645 64
Sheet1 400 204 0.063-0.187 1.6-4.7 42.1 290 100.8 695 56
Sheet2 600 316 0.063-0.187 1.6-4.7 37.7 260 97.0 669 64
Sheet2 800 427 0.063-0.187 1.6-4.7 34.8 240 95.0 655 65
Sheet2 1000 538 0.063-0.187 1.6-4.7 33.8 233 88.9 613 60
Plate3 400 204 0.188-1.0 4.8-25.4 38.2 263 98.9 682 61
Plate3 600 316 0.188-1.0 4.8-25.4 34.1 235 94.3 650 66
Plate3 800 427 0.188-1.0 4.8-25.4 32.7 225 91.5 631 60
Plate3 1000 538 0.188-1.0 4.8-25.4 32.8 226 87.2 601 59
Plate RT RT 1.0 25.4 52.9 365 113.9 785 59
Plate 600 316 1.0 25.4 36.2 250 96.3 664 63
Plate 800 427 1.0 25.4 30.5 210 94.8 654 61

1: Average of 25 tests
2: Average of 34-36 tests
3: Average of 9-11 tests
RT= Room Temperature

Hardness

Form Hardness, HRBW Typical ASTM Grain Size
Sheet 88 3.5 - 6
Plate 88 1 - 5
Bar 86 1 - 5

All samples tested in solution-annealed condition.
HRBW = Hardness Rockwell “B”, Tungsten Indentor.

Welding and Fabrication

HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy is very amenable to the Gas Metal Arc (GMA/MIG), Gas Tungsten Arc (GTA/TIG), and Shielded Metal Arc (SMA/Stick) welding processes. For matching filler metals (i.e. solid wires and coated electrodes) that are available for these processes, and welding guidelines, please click here.

Wrought products of HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy are supplied in the Mill Annealed (MA) condition, unless otherwise specified. This solution annealing procedure has been designed to optimize the alloy’s corrosion resistance and ductility. Following all hot forming operations, the material should be re-annealed, to restore optimum properties. The alloy should also be re-annealed after any cold forming operations that result in an outer fiber elongation of 7% or more. The annealing temperature for HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy is 1121°C (2050°F), and water quenching is advised (rapid air cooling is feasible with structures thinner than 10 mm (0.375 in). A hold time at the annealing temperature of 10 to 30 minutes is recommended, depending on the thickness of the structure (thicker structures need the full 30 minutes). For more details concerning the heat treatment of HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy, please click here.

HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy can be hot forged, hot rolled, hot upset, hot extruded, and hot formed. However, it is more sensitive to strain and strain rates than the austenitic stainless steels, and the hot working temperature range is quite narrow. For example, the recommended start temperature for hot forging is 1232°C (2250°F) and the recommended finish temperature is 954°C (1750°F). Moderate reductions and frequent re-heating provide the best results, as described here. This reference also provides guidelines for cold forming, spinning, drop hammering, punching, and shearing. The alloy is stiffer than most austenitic stainless steels, and more energy is required during cold forming. Also, HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy work hardens more readily than most austenitic stainless steels, and may require several stages of cold work, with intermediate anneals.

While cold work does not usually affect the resistance of HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy to general corrosion, and to chloride-induced pitting and crevice attack, it can affect resistance to stress corrosion cracking. For optimum corrosion performance, therefore, the re-annealing of cold worked parts (following an outer fiber elongation of 7% or more) is important.

Specifications and Codes

Specifications

HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy (N10276, W10276)
Sheet, Plate & Strip SB 575/B 575P= 43
Billet, Rod & Bar SB 574/B 574P= 43
Coated Electrodes SFA 5.11/ A 5.11 (ENiCrMo-4)DIN 2.4887(EL-NiMo15Cr15W)F= 43
Bare Welding Rods & Wire SFA 5.14/ A 5.14 (ERNiCrMo-4)DIN 2.4886(SG-NiMo16Cr16W)F= 43
Seamless Pipe & Tube SB 622/B 622P= 43
Welded Pipe & Tube SB 619/B 619P= 43
Fittings SB 366/B 366P= 43
Forgings SB 564/B 564P= 43
DIN 17744 No. 2.4819 NiMo16Cr15W
TÜV Werkstoffblatt 400Kennblatt 320Kennblatt 319
Others NACE MR0175ISO 15156

Codes

HASTELLOY® C-276 alloy (N10276, W10276)
ASME Section l
1000°F (538°C)1
Section lll Class 1 -
Class 2
800°F (427°C)2
Class 3
800°F (427°C)2
Section Vlll Div. 1
1250°F (677°C)3
Div. 2
1250°F (677°C)3
Section Xll
650°F (343°C)3
B16.5
1250°F (677°C)4
B16.34
1250°F (677°C)5
B31.1
1000°F (538°C)6
B31.3
1250°F (677°C)7
VdTÜV (doc #) 844°F (450°C)8,#400

1Plate, Sheet, Bar, fittings, welded pipe/tube, seamless pipe/tube
2Plate, Sheet, Bar, welded pipe/tube, seamless pipe/tube
3Plate, Sheet, Bar, Forgings, fittings, welded pipe/tube, seamless pipe/tube
4Plate, Forgings, fittings
5Plate, Bar, Forgings, seamless pipe/tube
6Plate, Sheet, fittings, welded pipe/tube, seamless pipe/tube
7Plate, Sheet, Forgings, fittings, welded pipe/tube, seamless pipe/tube
8Plate, Sheet, Bar, Forgings

Disclaimer

Haynes International makes all reasonable efforts to ensure the accuracy and correctness of the data displayed on this site but makes no representations or warranties as to the data’s accuracy, correctness or reliability. All data are for general information only and not for providing design advice. Alloy properties disclosed here are based on work conducted principally by Haynes International, Inc. and occasionally supplemented by information from the open literature and, as such, are indicative only of the results of such tests and should not be considered guaranteed maximums or minimums.  It is the responsibility of the user to test specific alloys under actual service conditions to determine their suitability for a particular purpose.

For specific concentrations of elements present in a particular product and a discussion of the potential health affects thereof, refer to the Safety Data Sheets supplied by Haynes International, Inc.  All trademarks are owned by Haynes International, Inc., unless otherwise indicated.

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